Let us start by getting the facts rights. You have heard everyone out there talking about “am out of bullets” or “I need some more bullets please.” All these people are wrong in their terminologies. It is important to know that cartridges go into a firearm’s chamber whereas the bullets are those that come out the muzzle. A bullet is thus just a part of a cartridge, also referred to as an ammunition or just ammo in short. As you are looking for the best 7.62x39 ammo to buy, you need to come to terms with these terminologies.
7.62x39 Ammo Parts and Terminologies
An ammo anatomy comprises of a primer, a rim containing a primer, the gun powder, a cartridge case and the bullet. But in general, all 7.62x39 ammo have four main parts described below.
Case: This holds the bullet, powder, and primer
Primer: This is a compound that explodes upon being struck by the firing pin thus igniting the powder
Powder: This burns thus creating gas that pushes the bullet out of the muzzle
Bullet: This is the ammo part that strikes the target
The 7.62x39 were basically designed as an intermediate caliber that is used in shooting with relatively close range guns. 7.62 refers to the “lands” diameter in the barrel whereas 39 is the length of the shell casing with both measurements being in millimeters.
The 7.62x39 is one of the most popular types of ammo and one that is recommended for newbies and the experienced, civilian and the military, hunters and the home defense shooters among others. it is, in fact, the best bet for those beginners who haven't any experience with recoil as this ammo has among the least recoil in the market.
Though the .22 caliber and the 5.45x39 counterparts have also become very popular, the popularity of this type of ammo is still at a high, thanks to the fact that it is the best ammo for one of the most popular guns in history: the AK-47. The ammo is adequate if not more than adequate for your lighter medium game as well as your close range hunting. It is important to not that the results offered by these bullets are great and lethal at less than 100 yards, upon getting to 200 yards, these soft bullets end up losing their ability to create the much needed fast-killing wounds.
Types of the 7.62x39 Ammo
There are three main versions or rather types of the 7.62x39 ammo namely:
Full Metal Jacket (FMJ)
These are small-arms projectiles that consist of a soft core that is encased in a harder metaled-shell such as cupronickel, gliding metal or the less common steel alloy. This type of ammunition os normally pointed in shape and often labeled ball ammunition in the military nomenclature. They allow for higher muzzle velocities with very minimal metal amounts being deposited in the bore. It thus prevented bore damage from armor and steel piercing materials.
Also referred to as the soft-nosed bullet, the ammo is a jacketed expanding round featuring a soft metal core in a stronger metal jacket enclosure with the metal jacket being left open at its forward tip. The intent of the open tip is to allow for expansion upon impact with flesh thus causing a wound diameter to be far bigger than the diameter of the bullet. Often, it will be abbreviated as JSP to mean Jacketed Soft Point ammo.
This is an expanding bullet with a forward tip that is hollowed out or rather pit-shaped. This is also intended to cause bullet expansion when it enters the target thus decreasing penetration but instead disrupting more tissue upon traveling in the target. It is thus importantly used when over-penetration may result in collateral damage. They are greatly used in target shooting for improved accuracy together with the reduction of fouling, lead vapor exposure and smoke reduction. They are anatomy and physiology and that of the SPs are similar but not the same.
The HP and the SP versions come with improved expansion and accuracy thus the best 7.62x39 ammo can be found in this range.
Factors to Consider When Choosing the Best 7.62x39 Ammo
Know Your Gun
Not all the firearms are able to accommodate the 7.62x39 ammo. Just as mentioned above, your firearm has to have 7.62mm lands and a 39mm shell casting length. A rare 7.62x25 will not be able to accommodate a 7.62x39 ammo. The good news though is that most of the guns on the market today are compatible with the 7.62x39 ammo. However, tit is the AK-47 that is the most popular among those guns that use this type of ammo.
Do your Research
Of course, this is always one of the most important things to do immediately you understand what you want. Of course, you have to know the qualities, features and functions of the best 7.62x39 ammo you want to buy but how sure are you that the specifications advertised by the manufacturer are true? One of the surest ways of ensuring these are true is by listening to what other users have to say about the ammo. Read online reviews as you seek for testimonials and recommendations from friends, relatives, and colleagues who have used these types of ammo before. By so doing, your chances of landing on the best 7.62x39 ammo will be increased tenfold times.
You have to thoroughly research about the origin of the ammo. This is not like you would do with any other product but in the case of 7.62x39, the origin is very important. The reason for this, you want to avoid the ammo that is packed with corrosive primers.
Some of the great contenders include the Vector Arms product named Cheetah. Others are the Federal, Barnaul, Winchester and Remington with Laupa and also producing some of the best 7.62x39 ammo. Hornady, which offers The Zombie Max and the 123 grain SST bullet is yet another great manufacturer. However, the standout among them all in producing the best 7.62x39 ammo is called Corbon that offers the Corbon 150 gr soft point and the Corbon 125 gr hollowpoint options.
The material used to make the cases of these ammo is yet another factor that must be given a lot of consideration. The most popular material used in making the best 7.62x39 ammo is steel with brass being another very good steel alloy option. These two are non-corrosive casing materials. With a number of people swaying towards steel, the advocators of the brass cased ammo argue that the force needed to extract the steel case from its chamber can be significantly quite high hence the preference of brass.
SAAMI bullet standards dictate that there should be no greater than .310 minus .002 bullet diameter. With the .308 bullets meeting the standard specs, it will be no surprise that some guns, mostly chambered in the USA have this diameter of .308. If the bullet in your 7.62x39 ammo is .310 yet you are using a gun whose barrel diameter is .308. the resulting pressure can be too much. It is thus paramount that you know the exact gun dimensions and go ahead to buy the 7.62x39 with corresponding measurements.
Though on average, the 7.62x39 ammo are cheaper than most calibers, there are still 7.62x39 that are cheaper than their counterparts within the same category. It is important to know that some of the cheapest ammo within this 7.62x39 class come with primers having corrosive elements. Upon firing, the powder finds its way into the barrel and ends up pitting it if at all it isn't washed with water and soap immediately after firing. Washing your gun daily can at times be too cumbersome.
Loading and Reloading
Those shooters who like reloading might just want to ensure that they go for a steel cased product as this would be their best 7.62x39 ammo. Reloading of 7.62x39 is however very rare and only the very gurus in this field are able to trim and reshape the steel casing for reloading. If you are a newbie, reloading of these types of ammo is virtually impossible.
Where to Buy
After the 2008 US elections, all types of ammo have been flying off the shelves. Most of those on site shops that sold an abundance of this ammo before 2008 are now no longer selling them or are selling them in limited numbers. Soon, they will be no more of this ammo. However, some reliable online shops are still selling this ammo and will supply you with the number you want or need.
Just like any other product, there is no one-product-for-all. the best 7.62x39 ammo that works best for me and my rifle may not be the best for you. after doing your research and knowing the best products that the market offers, do your own experiments to discover which one works best for you. the best 7.62x39 ammo for you will depend on your shooting style, where you do your hunting, your type of rifle and your own tastes. Give experimentation only from the best products in the lot.
Ever since the adoption of the 7.62x39 ammo in 1943, these ammunitions have highly be spoken of. With their history beginning with the development of prototype cartridges for the M43, both the civilian and military shooters have equally been impressed by the capabilities of this ammo. Though ballistically similar to the .30-30, the 7.62x39 serves much better especially when the shooter is able to know and account for its limitations. The beast way of accounting to the limitations is by doing your research and buying only the best 7.62x39 ammo for your gun’s use.